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ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD SOCIO ECONOMIC FLOOD VULNERABILITY IN MAKURDI BENUE STATE NIGERIA

ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD SOCIO ECONOMIC FLOOD VULNERABILITY IN MAKURDI BENUE STATE NIGERIA

  ABSTRACT
ABSTRACT:Most urban dwellers are highly vulnerable to floods due to limited social, economic, and physical resources. Understanding the perspectives of socio-economic vulnerability in specific spatial context is vital for developing effective disaster risk reduction, adaptation and response strategies, building resilient urban cities to climate change and flood disasters. It is at this background that this study aimed at assessing socio-economic flood vulnerability of households in Makurdi town, Benue State, Nigeria where flooding has become an annual event, resulting to loss of life and destruction of properties. The analysis focused on exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of households to floods. Parameters considered include household income level, type of house and assets, tenancy and house ownership, gender, age, occupation of household and access to insurance. Purposive and systematic sampling were used in the selection of twenty (20) localities and 388 respondents for questionnaires administration. The data collected were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. Pearson moment correlation was used to test the correlation between educational status and income of household and also purchase of insurance. The Student T-test was used to test for the significance of correlation coefficient value obtained which showed insignificant correlation. The findings from the study revealed that socio-economic vulnerability is higher among households with low income and education, it also has direct correlation with purchasing insurance. Children, aged, and female gender are more vulnerable when compared to male of age between 26 to 35 years. Also, households have low socioeconomic flood vulnerability because their age bracket is between 26 to 35 years, are male and landlords. This study recommends that households should practice irrigation farming and also diversify their sources of income to commerce and trade.
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0 08 Feb, 2022
pg:
Confluence Journals
Contri. 3+
key Words: Keywords: Socio-economic, Vulnerability, Mitigation, Flood, Makurdi
Key Contributors: 1Oyatayo, K.T., 2Ndabula, C., 3P.T. Bawa