ANALYSIS OF DEFORESTATION IN ABIA STATE NIGERIA
The phenomenon of deforestation in Abia State, Nigeria was analysed between 2000 and 2020. Abia State has been ranked the 5th most industrialised State in Nigeria. The study thus assessed the nature, extent and factors that influenced deforestation in the State. Geographic Information System was used to retrieve the vegetation maps of the State for years 2000 and 2020. These maps were subjected to Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for analysis. Socioeconomic and cultural data were collected from 54 households; from two communities of the nine selected Area Councils.Results show that an increase of 6.6% in built-up areas coincided with a loss of 42101.7ha of forest land, greenery reduced by 0.83% while bare lands increased by 3.03%; all these lead to a deforestation rate of 0.015%. Some of the effects identified include increased runoff, pollution of both surface and ground water and displacement of natural habitats.Key causes of deforestationinclude urbanisation, illegal logging, poverty and farming activities. It suggests therefore that grass-root sensitization and empowerment will go a long way towards curbing the deforestation and associated implications.
0 10 Jun, 2021
key Words: Key Words: Deforestation, NDVI, GIS, Greenery, Bare land.
Key Contributors: Uzonu, Ikenna Ugonna1 and Umoru Ojochubiyo Joel2